Only a healthy pet is a happy companion. Assuring your pet's daily well-being requires regular care and close attention to any hint of ill health. We recommend bringing your pet in for yearly exams, or every 6 months for senior pets, so we are better able to recognize what is normal and abnormal for your pet and ensure they will be always be a happy, healthy, companion!
Please consult your veterinarian if you notice any of the following signs:
- Abnormal discharges from the nose, eyes, or other body openings.
- Abnormal behavior, sudden viciousness, or lethargy.
- Abnormal lumps, limping, or difficulty getting up or lying down.
- Loss of appetite, marked weight losses or gains, or excessive water consumption.
- Difficult, abnormal, or uncontrolled waste elimination.
- Excessive head shaking, scratching, and licking or biting any part of the body.
- Dandruff, loss of hair, open sores, or a ragged or dull coat.
- Foul breath or excessive tarter deposits on teeth.
Pets should be vaccinated to protect them from many highly contagious and deadly diseases. Experts agree that widespread use of vaccines within the last century has prevented death and disease in millions of animals. Even though some formerly common diseases have now become uncommon, vaccination is still highly recommended because these serious disease agents continue to be present in the environment.
Very young kittens are highly susceptible to infectious diseases. This is especially true as the natural immunity provided in their mothers' milk gradually wears off. To keep gaps in protection as narrow as possible and to provide optimal protection against disease for the first few months of life, a series of vaccinations are scheduled, usually 3-4 weeks apart. For most kittens, the final vaccination in the series is administered when they are 12 to 16 weeks old.
Food & Nutrition
Your veterinarian is your best source for information regarding an appropriate diet for your kitten.
Dry foods are usually most economical and have the advantage of providing a rough surface that will help reduce plaque and tartar buildup on your kitten's teeth, but canned foods can be fed/supplemented if desired. Amount fed will depend on the diet, as well as the age, size, and activity level of your kitten.
There are many types of parasites that are found in the GI tract of cats. Worms such as roundworms, whipworms, and hookworms are very common in almost all parts of the world. These parasites shed their infective eggs in the pet's stool and contaminate the environment; some eggs can live in yards or fields for years, even encysting in the pets’ body and spontaneously re-emerge with no warning. The eggs are typically ingested by the pet and the life cycle is completed when the worm grow into an adult in the intestine of a new host. Roundworms also carry the potential risk of transmission to people and among other things can lead to blindness in children. Outdoor cats that hunt are also very susceptible to tapeworm infections. This type of parasite is generally contracted by eating infected mice, the worms sheds egg packets that resemble grains of rice stuck to the cats bum. These packets are then either re-ingested by the cat or picked up by another pet and the life cycle starts over.
TICKS & FLEAS
Another type of parasite that lives on the skin of your pet is ticks and fleas. Fleas are not found as commonly in a city setting but we do have them in our province. Fleas are particularly hard to get rid of as they can leave in the environment for prolonged periods of time. Ticks on the other hand are very prevalent in our province. Ticks can carry serious diseases such as Lyme disease and Anaplasmosis.
Mosquitoes are carriers of a type of parasite that can cause Heartworm disease; this disease can be fatal if not treated. It is for these reasons we strongly recommend monthly year round deworming, as well as using a specific medication that targets tapeworms 2-3 times a year. Not only do these parasites cause health problems to your pets, some parasites are able to transfer over to humans as well.
If you suspect that your pet may be affected, don't hesitate to contact your veterinarian today for direction on what to do! Your veterinarian will also be able to answer all your questions and help you prevent your pets from getting parasites in the first place.